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Unlike a condominium association or a homeowners' association where members own a pro-rata share of common elements, a
co-operative association is a form of ownership of a Stock Certificate with a Proprietary Lease to allow sub-leasing to or through
owners of stock in the corporation that owns the building of apartments.  These forms of cluster communities were more popular in
prior years and condominiums have been the common form of cluster developments for apartment building ownership and
development.  The laws for co-operatives differ and are under Chapter 719, Florida Statutes.

We provide full-service representation to cooperative associations and members therein throughout Florida.  The vast majority of our
office's representation pertains to community association matters.

Thus, we provide effective representation regarding:
*        Association representation
*        Amendments
*        Litigation
*        Collections
*        Opinion letters
*        Demand letters
*        Arbitration and mediation
*        Annual meetings and Elections
*        Termination of Lease and
*        All other matters.

Cooperatives are governed by their Proprietary Lease, By-Laws, Rules and Regulations and Amendments thereto.  

The Board of Directors meet periodically and assist the association at Special Board Meetings in addition to the Annual Meeting, Budget
Meeting and Special Assessment Meetings.  

We will ensure that the association remains satisfied with our services and that the Board of Directors receives fast and effective
representation to make the work of the board members a simple as possible to be able to focus on administration and strategic issues.

Further information is available by calling or sending an e-mail to this office through the above form.  


Contact our offices today to schedule a consultation at (954) 589-0119 or at

The information contained on this page and within this website is as-is without any warranty and is not to be construed as legal
advice.  All persons interested in obtaining information for a particular situation should contact our office to discuss inquiries

The hiring of an attorney is an important decision that should not be based solely upon advertisements.  Before you hire an attorney,
you have a right to ask for further information regarding the attorney's background, training and experience.

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News and Notes - Did you Know ...

Denying access to common areas to non-paying community association owners:
There is a relatively new statute that relates to condominiums, homeowners associations ("HOA's") and cooperatives allowing denial of use of
certain common areas when an owner is 90 days or more past-due.  The denial does not apply to utilities, parking spaces or elevators.  There must
be notice to the owner and any tenant and it must be imposed at a board meeting.  Other considerations and requirements apply.

Collecting rent from tenants in units that are past-due
Condominiums, HOA's and Cooperatives may demand rent from tenants in units that are past-due in their maintenance.  The condominium has the
power to evict tenants failing to pay the condominium in a timely manner under the landlord/tenant statute pursuant to statute.  Certain restrictions
and notice requirements apply.

Condo board members are deemed to have abandoned their position on the board
In a condominium, a director who is more than 90 days past-due in amounts to the association including assessments, fines or other amounts are
deemed to have abandoned their office.  Such a delinquency does not prohibit a candidate for a director position although the financial arrears must
be paid prior to an election to be a viable candidate at the time of the election.  

At a homeowner association, a board member past-due 90 or more days in any fee, fine or other monetary obligation may not serve on the board.

Permission to speak at meetings
2011 Florida statutory amendments make it clear that members are permitted to speak as to all items on an agenda at a board meeting.  This law
applies to condominium, homeowners associations and cooperative associations.

Board meetings - sunshine requirements
Florida law requires that a board must conduct open meetings to the rest of the membership unless an attorney present discussing pending or
proposed litigation.  A condominium or homeowners' association (but not a cooperative) may have a closed meeting regarding personnel matters
without an attorney present.

Condominium and HOA responsibility for past-due maintenance on units it acquires through foreclosure of liens
A condominium and HOA is not required to pay itself as a "subsequent owner" of a unit as to units obtained through foreclosure.

Note: There are frequent changes to the Florida statutes and there are constitutionality or other challenges pending or that were pending regarding
one or more of the foregoing statutes.
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